Fuente: El Mundo

The Government has announced a draft, framed on the path towards the decarbonisation of the Spanish economy in 2050, which states that only electric vehicles circulate in Spain for half a century.
How much does an electric car cost in Spain?
Although they have been for sale for years, they are still very few cars. For example, the cheapest model is the Citroën C-Zero, which approaches 22,000 euros (without aid), despite being a very veteran vehicle, with only 100 kilometers of autonomy and strictly for the city. For its price, it would be possible to buy two utilities of the same brand. At the opposite end we find the Tesla Model S, which in its most capable version has a range of more than 600 kilometers, but has a price higher than 150,000 euros. In this price level is not the case, but in some models it is important to know if the battery is included in the price or, on the contrary, you have to pay a monthly rent that will depend on the kilometers we make per year. This formula, for example, is quite frequent in Renault. The latest wave of cars arriving will be the Audi e-tron, Mercedes EQC, in the vicinity of 80,000 euros. Although Volkswagen has promised that its first 100% electric car will have a price similar to a well-equipped Golf TDI. The figures, in any case, will go down especially as the batteries become cheaper.
Where do I charge an electric car?
If you do not have a garage of your own, the electric car is not an option. Better said, a garage where I can load it. The efficiency of the electric vehicle happens because it charges at night in your house while you rest. Because according to the Iberdrola fare, loading in 100-kilometer slow valley hours (in your garage) costs half a euro. In this way, with a euro and a half, your battery will be full to circulate between 250 and 300 kilometers, enough for your daily use to take children to school or to work. Fill a diesel vehicle to make 100 kilometers to spend 4 liters to travel that distance costs at prices yesterday of 1.27 euros per liter, 5.08 euros. One gasoline that consumes 6 liters at 1.31 euros per liter, we need 7.86 euros.
Can I go from Madrid to Barcelona with an electric one?
You have to differentiate between slow and fast loading points. Slow are the plug of the garage of your house or office. In Spain, according to the latest data, there are 5,191 normal recharge points and 168 rapid recharge points. The European Commission calculates that Spain should have 220,000 recharging points in 2030. The latter are those that have more power and allow charging 80% of the battery in half an hour. Tesla has its own network of superchargers that are only worth charging their vehicles, not other electric and with a Tesla you can go from Madrid to Barcelona as there are recharging points in Zaragoza. Iberdrola intends to have a fast loading pole every 100 kilometers at the end of 2019 on the main national roads. Endesa presents a similar plan this Friday. Repsol has bought the electric Viesgo to market electricity and will put electric recharging points in its network of service stations, as will Cepsa. This recharge, according to Iberdrola, will cost around 5 euros per 100 kilometers, 10 times more expensive than the slow charge made at home at night. However, from Madrid to Barcelona (610 kilometers) a diesel car that consumes 6 liters on average spends 45.72 euros. An electric one with 300 real kilometers of autonomy that leaves loaded of its house, would need to plan the trip to carry out two recharges of 200 kilometers in route with a total cost of 20 euros and one hour more of trip that the diesel car.
How long are the batteries and how are they recycled?
The battery most used by electric cars is lithium ion. The different studies consider that a battery is dead for a car when it has lost more than 20% of its capacity. An electric vehicle that travels 300,000 kilometers has around 30% degradation. The battery can be changed depending on its capacity by between 5,000 and 12,000 euros in current models. According to the manufacturers of electric vehicles they are placed in safe compartments that have passed the EuroNCAP crash tests and the emergency services have been informed how to act in case of serious collision and fire, given their high unhealthy radioactivity.

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