Archaeologists date this discovery in the year 1101 in the middle of the Middle Ages, when religious conflicts proliferated in this area
Source: El Periódico
A discovery of historical dimensions happened in the ancient port of Caesarea, north of Israel, as they located a treasure of gold coins probably buried 900 years ago to protect it from the conquest of the city by the Crusaders and never recovered by its owner.
During archaeological excavations a small bronze vessel with 24 gold coins and some earrings was discovered a few days ago, placed between two stones next to a well of an old house, indicated the Israeli Archaeological Authority and several organizations involved in the discovery.
The coins date back to the end of the 11th century and “make it possible to relate the treasure to the conquest of the city by the Crusaders in 1101, one of the most dramatic episodes in the city’s medieval history,” the directors of the excavation said in a statement. , Peter Gendelman and Mohammed Hatar.
A historic massacre
“Somebody hid his fortune hoping to recover it later, but he could never,” the experts said. “According to contemporary written sources, the majority of the inhabitants of Caesarea were massacred by the army of Baduino I, then king of Jerusalem, and it is probable that the owner of the treasure and his family died in the massacre, or were sold as slaves, and could never recover the gold, “they add.
According to Robert Kool, expert in numismatics for the Israeli Archaeological Authority, the treasure contains coins related to the kingdom of the Byzantine emperor Michael VII. “These coins did not circulate locally and suggest contacts and possible commercial relations between Caesarea and Constantinople (Byzantium) in that period.”
Historical and monetary value
“One or two of those gold coins is equivalent to the annual salary of a farmer, so the person who hid the treasure was from a well-off medium or practiced trade,” he added.
Cesárea, on the shores of the Mediterranean, was built in the first century before our era by the King of Judea Herod I, appointed by the Romans. The important vestiges of the Roman and medieval eras make Cesárea one of the attractions of Israel.
There have been many discoveries: in 2015, 2,000 gold coins from 1,000 years ago were found by divers, which is considered the greatest numismatic treasure discovered in Israel, according to the Antiquities Authority.